What is a mobility plan?
For many years, the automobile has always been considered the only means of transport. In fact, the road infrastructures and the new technologies have always encouraged the increase of the amount of automobiles.
As a result of this evolution, large cities today have to deal with numerous ecological and social nuisances. However, mobility will always remain a major component of social functioning and urban culture.
So, how to reconcile environment and mobility ?
Thanks to the mobility plan!
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- The concept of the mobility plan.
- The benefits of the mobility plan.
- The application of the mobility plan.
Entered into force on January 1, 2018 with reference to article 51 of the law of August 17, 2015 relating to the energy transition for green growth, mobility plans now replace business travel plans (PDE) and the inter-company travel plans (PDIE) which were so far proactive.
Thus, they combine a set of measures to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of employee travel to a company to reduce their polluting emissions and reduce road traffic.
As a unifying project for multiple managerial tools, the mobility plan makes it possible to highlight good practices and identify potential problems.
We have listed below for you the many benefits of the different factors impacted by the mobility plan.
On the social level, it makes it possible to increase the quality of life of the employees since it has the will to act on the optimization of the means of displacement, the flexibility of the places and schedules of work thus allowing a reduction of the road risk.
The mobility plan will enable the “light” of the transport budget, which is often integrated into the overall costs and therefore unknown to companies.
In addition, by rationalizing commuting and especially by limiting travel, it will positively affect the reduction of the transport budget and allow better optimisation of fleet management and parking.
From an environmental point of view, acting on employee travel will reduce environmental pollution as well as various noise pollution.
By promoting alternative solutions, it will also act to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions in order to preserve the environment for future generations.
- Brand image
Any company setting up a mobility plan will return a corporate image that is committed and responsible, internally and externally, as it enhances its image as a company that cares about its employees and the environment.
Diagram: Positive externalities of the mobility plan
Mandatory in Europe since 1 January 2018, the mobility plan applies to all companies employing more than 100 people on the same site. The companies are required to communicate their mobility plan to the mobility authority. The development of an inter-company plan is also possible for certain companies located in the same geographical area.
Thus, several stages will constitute the elaboration of this mobility plan such as, first of all, the diagnosis then the action plan, the financing plan, the drafting of a timetable for carrying out the actions and finally the specific modalities. tracking and updating.
In addition, in order to help you achieve the best approach to comply with the law and help you understand the development protocol, some cities provide you with toolboxes composed of digital files (for companies ) as well as its network of economic developers.
“But what are the actions and measures of an action plan?”
Remember that the primary goal of a mobility plan is to reduce car travel, which contributes to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, by promoting the use of alternative solutions.
These solutions can therefore be the following:
- Cycling promotion: Set up a secure parking, possibility of “bike kit”, provision of a bike room with some tools and services, implementation of the kilometric bike allowance, purchase of a fleet electric bikes …
- Improved pedestrian access: Development of pedestrian paths and entrances.
- Encouraging the use of public transport: Partnership with transport operators, financial participation in subscriptions, creation of a business shuttle for some very popular destinations.
- Adjustment of working hours: Distribution of the arrival and departure times of employees according to the wishes of employees and the needs of the company, implementation of telework …
- Guarantee of returning home: Taxi check, use of service cars or electric bikes …
- Implementation of a car-sharing service: Offer a complementary punctual mobility service outside working hours, sharing a fleet of vehicles with other companies …
- Implementation of parking reservation management software:
Using parking management software such as BePark, allow companies to free their unused parking spaces, the aim is to encourage employees to use other means of transport (bike, scooter, bus …) in order to increase the capacity of the parking and contribute to a sustainable environment.
- Encouraging carpooling: Partnership with carpooling companies such as Blablacar, Karzoo or iDVROOM, linking up internally or with other companies close to the site, setting up places reserved for “carpoolers”, carpooling check …
Thus, within the framework of the stated benefits, the plan puts forward concrete proposals. The implementation of the plan as a whole will require the involvement of many players, both public and private, for implementation and funding. Some investments will be heavy, but essential to ensure accessibility, improve mobility and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollutants.
Energy, mobility and the environment are, more than ever, catalysts for the competitiveness of our companies.
Hoping that this article will help you to have a better vision of the mobility plan and the different mechanisms and principles it contains.
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